Macular degeneration (AMD) is an age-related eye disease that is most likely to affect patients over 60. About 11 million Americans suffer from AMD. At Rockland Eye Physicians & Surgeons, with offices in West Nyack and Garnerville, NY, helping our patients protect their vision is our priority. Patients with an escalated form of the disease may notice dark or empty areas in the center of their field of vision. However, we can identify AMD in the earliest stages during routine eye exams. While there is no cure for this condition, our doctors can recommend various macular degeneration treatments that can potentially decelarate or even halt the progression of the disease.
What is Macular Degeneration?
Macular degeneration occurs when the macula (the center of the retina) begins to deteriorate. This condition can significantly affect your vision. There are two types of macular degeneration:
The most common type is dry AMD. Distorted vision is caused by the accumulation of yellow deposits called drusen on the macula. Over time, the drusen deposits grow larger, further impacting your vision.
While less common, wet AMD can occur when dry AMD goes untreated. It is characterized by the growth of abnormal blood vessels beneath the retina. These vessels can begin to leak, which causes the retina to swell, severely compromising central vision.